Why do people read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need t0 1 _ uncertainty, according to a recent study in Psychological Science. The new new research,revaeal that the need to know is so strong that people will _2 to satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will 3 _ .
In a series of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago and the Wisconsin School of Business tested students' willingness to 4 _ themselves to unpleasant stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity. For one 5_ , each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment. The twist? Half of the pens would 6_ an electric shock when clicked.
Twenty-seven students were told which pens were electrified; another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified. 7_ left alone in the room, the students who did not know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew what would 8_ .subsequent experiment reproduced this effect with other stimuli.9_ the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects.
The drive to 10 _ is deeply rooted in humans, much the same as the basic drives for 11_ or shelter, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago. Curiosity is often considered a good instinct一it can 12 _ new scientific advances, for instance一but sometimes such 13_can backfire. The insight that curiosity can drive you to do 14 _. things is a profound one.
Unhealthy curiosity is possible to 15_.however .in a final experiment ,participants who were encouraged to 16_ how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to 17 _ to see such an image. These results suggest that imagining the 18_ of following through on one's curiosity ahead of time can help determine 19_ it is worth the endeavor. "Thinking about long-term 20_ is key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity," Hsee says. In other words, don't read online comments.
1. [A]resolve [B]protect [C]discuss [D]ignore
2. [A]refuse[B]wait [C]seek [D]regret
3. (A)rise [B]last [C]mislead [D]hurt
4. [A]alert [B]tie [C]expose [D]treat
5. [A]message[B]trial[C]review [D]concept
6. [A]remove [B]weaken [C]deliver [D]interrupt
7. [A]Unless [B]If [C]Though [D]When
8. A]happen [B]continue [C]disappear [D]change
9. [A] rather than (B) such as [C]regardless of [D] owing to
10.[A]disagree [B]forgive [C]forget [D]discover
11.[A]pay [B]marriage [C]food [D]schooling
12 .[A] begin with LB] rest on [c] learn from [D] lead to
13.[A]withdrawal [B]inquiry [C]persistence [D]diligence
14[A]self-destructive [B]self-reliant [C]self-evident [D]self-deceptive
15[A]resist [B]define [C]replace (D)trace
16[A]predict [B]overlook [C]design [D]conceal
17.[A] remember [B] choose [C] promise [D] pretend
18.[A] relief [B]plan [c]outcome [D] duty
19[A]whether [B]why [C]where [D]how
20. [A]limitations [B]investments [C]strategies [D]consequences